Reference Guide: Mild burns and sunburns
The seriousness of a burn depends on three factors: the depth of the burn, its size and location. A first-degree burn only affects the first layer of the skin, the epidermis. The burned skin becomes red and painful due to the engorgement of blood that occurs in the superficial blood vessels.
With second-degree burns, blood serum separates from the blood vessels and forms water blisters. The pain is relatively intense.
Third-degree burns affect the entire skin thickness, and may affect underlying tissue; the skin turns a copper and black colour. There are no blisters and usually little pain, since the nerve endings are destroyed.
Sunburns are 1st or 2 nd degree burns: they can normally be treated without medical attention, even if a large portion of the body is affected.
The following products will provide quick relief for these ailments.
BORIC ACID NF
Topical antiseptic and astringent used in solution, for the temporary relief of mild burns.
CALAMINE LOTION WITH ANTIHISTAMINE
Analgesic, anesthetic, antipruritic topical lotion for the temporary relief of pain associated with minor burns.
CALAMINE LOTION USP
For the temporary relief of skin irritations. A soothing lotion that dries and protects, recommended for the temporary relief of sunburn.
Topical skin emollient for temporary relief of dry, chapped skin and minor burns.